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providing access to metadata mapped to RDF
formulate queries against our solr - index using lucene's query language
Access the network of an individualor query the network with Neo4J
link to relevant heritage sites by authority identifier
The metadata of all NDB/ADB articles is additionally mapped to concepts of CIDOC-CRM excpressed according to webontology standards (Erlangen OWL).
Expressiveness is restricted due to missing granularity of formally representable statements.
A reformulated ontology using concepts primarily of DUL / DULCE underlies a new mapping for our metadata.
Major changes moved concepts under "data.deutsche-biographie.de/vocabulary" to "data.deutsche-biographie.de/ontology"; "data.deutsche-biographie.de/vocabulary/Gender" to "data.deutsche-biographie.de/ontology/genderclass".
Owl Schema 2016
credits: Ingo Frank
The Linked Open Data Interface of the Neue Deutsche Biographie was a result of the LOD2 PUBLINK activity in cooperation with the AKSW group and the group of the Neue Deutsche Biographie at the Historical Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Within this project meta-data about 46,000 biographies and related 42,000 additional people and 4,000 locations has been made available as Linked Data and RDF triple. We used the vocabulary of the German National Library for the GND and adapted it by a few additional classes and relations.
Each article identified by an SFZ-number (internal ID, f.i. https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz68290.html) is linked with a RDF version of its metadata (resp. http://data.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz68290.rdf). All metadata had been mapped according to the GND-vocabulary and few own concepts.
In addition to the representation in RDF, we offer a OntoWiki instance to provide the ability for browsing an querying the dataset. With the help of the Relationshipfinder tool relations between two or more persons, may visualized using this SPARQL endpoint.
credits: Martin Brümer, Thomas Riechert
Vocabulary 0.1 (Dez. 2011):
Outdated User Interfaces:
We provide free and flexible access to the index underlying the website www.deutsche-biographie.de for users willing to learn the Lucene Query Language.
Use considerately, don't try to exceed the limits.
The preliminary API http://data.deutsche-biographie.de/beta/solr-open/ connects to a Solr-based Index.
Each entry is identified by an ID. Two pattern are used
Returned fields parameter
is predefined and fixed (as of 10-2015):
fl=id,defnam, defgnd, r_nam, r_bls, r_flr, bdisplay, ddisplay, bmin, bmax, dmin, dmax, r_nai, r_ndb, r_adb
|defnam,defgnd,r_nam,r_bls,r_flr||string (defnam,r_nam follow a "surname, forename" pattern if applicable)|
|bdisplay,ddisplay||string with pattern YYYY|YYYY-MM-DD|
|bmin,bmax,dmin,dmax||int with pattern Y?YYYMMDD, years are expanded to a range: Y?YYY0101 TO Y?YYY1231|
|r_ndb||boolean (true|false) - has biography in NDB|
|r_adb||boolean (true|false) - has biography in ADB|
|r_nai||boolean (true|false) - is mentioned in ADB or NDB|
is not fixed and should be one of (defaults to xml):
wt=xml, json, python, ruby, php, csv
define a portion of a result
Queries can be constructed following the Solr Query Syntax. The syntax is roughly the same as for Lucene.
||returns the predefined fields for entry "sfz999"|
||returns the predefined fields for entry "sfz999" in JSON|
||returns entries with dmin between 100 CE and 120 CE|
||returns persons born before 1800 with article in NDB|
||returns persons who could have been born before 1800, be reminded of uncertain cases stating "born end 18th/beginning 19th century"|
According to our licenses each result having
r_ndb or r_adb set true
refers to an article.
Articles can be downloaded by SFZ-ID from
queries against the database have to be formulated in Cypher:
the types/labels will be harmonized in the next release (2018).
Abschnitts and in case of families further
For beginners in Cypher several typical queries have been precomposed
see helper forms.
By consuming multiple GND-Beacon files we aggregate relevant individual links to websites related to our person's dataset.
The aggregated links can be derived from the API.
If you are interested in this service and require an individual profile please contact us.
In order to facilitate GND-Beacon based linking we tested personal records of third party websites against the authority file GND. For a preliminary list see API.
Since 1.9.2015 following licenses must be reviewed and respected
- articles of "Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB)", given in a
container: CC-BY-NC-SA attribution to "Deutsche Biographie",
- articles of "Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB)" given in a
container: CC-BY-NC-ND attribution to "Deutsche Biographie",
- allmetadata CC0.
The editorial board of the "Neue Deutsche Biographie" would like to be informed about any usage of data.